Відмінності між версіями «Академія наук НДР»

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1972 '''Німецька академія наук в Берліні''' ({{lang-de|Deutsche Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin}}) — найбільше й найважливіше наукове товариство у [[НДР]].
 
Академія була заснвана [[1946]] року Радянською військовою адміністрацією в Німеччині з метою продовжити традиції [[Прусська академія наук|Прусської академії наук]] та [[Бранденбурзьке наукове товариство|Бранденбурзького наукового товариства]], заснованого в 1770 році [[Готтфрід Лейбніц|Готтфрідом ЛейбніцемЛейбніцом]].
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The academy was founded in [[1946]] by the Soviet Military Administration in Germany to continue the long tradition of the [[Prussian Academy of Sciences]] and the [[Brandenburg Society of Sciences]], which had been founded in 1700 by [[Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz]]. To facilitate publishing, the [[Akademie Verlag]] was founded also in 1946. The 250th anniversary in 1950 was already boycotted by West Germans due to the influence of the socialist East German authorities, which mainly had East Germans elected to the academy in the decades to follow. It became the most important [[academy]] in the [[East Germany|German Democratic Republic]], and was accordingly renamed 'Academy of Sciences of the GDR' (Akademie der Wissenschaften der DDR) in 1972, once the division of Germany was accepted as the state of affairs. In the 1980s, the AdW itself had over 200 members, including two dozen West Germans. It coordinated research at 59 institutes that employed 22,000 persons. Following the fall of the Berlin wall, academy members called for a reform of the academy, rejecting the leading role of the [[Socialist Unity Party of Germany]].
 
The academy was founded in [[1946]] by the Soviet Military Administration in Germany to continue the long tradition of the [[Prussian Academy of Sciences]] and the [[Brandenburg Society of Sciences]], which had been founded in 1700 by [[Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz]]. To facilitate publishing, the [[Akademie Verlag]] was founded also in 1946. The 250th anniversary in 1950 was already boycotted by West Germans due to the influence of the socialist East German authorities, which mainly had East Germans elected to the academy in the decades to follow. It became the most important [[academy]] in the [[East Germany|German Democratic Republic]], and was accordingly renamed 'Academy of Sciences of the GDR' (Akademie der Wissenschaften der DDR) in 1972, once the division of Germany was accepted as the state of affairs. In the 1980s, the AdW itself had over 200 members, including two dozen West Germans. It coordinated research at 59 institutes that employed 22,000 persons. Following the fall of the Berlin wall, academy members called for a reform of the academy, rejecting the leading role of the [[Socialist Unity Party of Germany]].
 
On 27 June 1990, the new GDR government reorganized the academy, turning it into a public organisation. Until late 1991, the former AdW institutes were separated from the academy, evaluated, and either dissolved or assigned to different organisations, mainly the [[Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Scientific Community]]. As the states of Berlin and Brandenburg considered a continuation of the academy as improper due to its role in the GDR, the academy, which had about 400 members, was disbanded and the [[Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften]] ("Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities") was founded in 1993.