Відкрити головне меню

Зміни

оновлення даних
--[[
 
This module is intended to provide access to basic string functions.
 
Most of the functions provided here can be invoked with named parameters,
unnamed parameters, or a mixture. If named parameters are used, Mediawiki will
automatically remove any leading or trailing whitespace from the parameter.
Depending on the intended use, it may be advantageous to either preserve or
remove such whitespace.
 
Global options
ignore_errors: If set to 'true' or 1, any error condition will result in
an empty string being returned rather than an error message.
 
error_category: If an error occurs, specifies the name of a category to
include with the error message. The default category is
[Category:Errors reported by Module String].
 
no_category: If set to 'true' or 1, no category will be added if an error
is generated.
 
Unit tests for this module are available at Module:String/tests.
]]
 
If invoked using named parameters, Mediawiki will automatically remove any leading or
trailing whitespace from the target string.
]]
function str.len( frame )
local new_args = str._getParameters( frame.args, {'s'} );
local s = new_args['s'] or '';
return mw.ustring.len( s )
end
 
i: The first index of the substring to return, defaults to 1.
j: The last index of the string to return, defaults to the last character.
 
The first character of the string is assigned an index of 1. If either i or j
is a negative value, it is interpreted the same as selecting a character by
counting from the end of the string. Hence, a value of -1 is the same as
selecting the last character of the string.
 
If the requested indices are out of range for the given string, an error is
reported.
]]
function str.sub( frame )
local new_args = str._getParameters( frame.args, { 's', 'i', 'j' } );
local s = new_args['s'] or '';
local i = tonumber( new_args['i'] ) or 1;
local j = tonumber( new_args['j'] ) or -1;
local len = mw.ustring.len( s );
 
local len = mw.ustring.len( s )
-- Convert negatives for range checking
 
if i < 0 then
-- Convert negatives for range checking
i = len + i + 1;
if i < 0 endthen
i = len + ifi j+ < 0 then1
end
j = len + j + 1;
if j < 0 endthen
j = len + j + 1
end
if i > len or j > len or i < 1 or j < 1 then
 
return str._error( 'String subset index out of range' );
if i > len or j > len or i < 1 or j < 1 then
end
return str._error( 'String subset index out of range' )
if j < i then
end
return str._error( 'String subset indices out of order' );
if j < i endthen
return str._error( 'String subset indices out of order' )
end
return mw.ustring.sub( s, i, j )
 
return mw.ustring.sub( s, i, j )
end
 
]]
function str.sublength( frame )
local i = tonumber( frame.args.i ) or 0
local len = tonumber( frame.args.len )
return mw.ustring.sub( frame.args.s, i + 1, len and ( i + len ) )
end
 
match
 
This function returns a substring from the source string that matches a
specified pattern.
 
{{#invoke:String|match|source_string|pattern_string|start_index|match_number|plain_flag|nomatch_output}}
OR
{{#invoke:String|posmatch|s=source_string|pattern=pattern_string|start=start_index
|match=match_number|plain=plain_flag|nomatch=nomatch_output}}
 
start: The index within the source string to start the search. The first
character of the string has index 1. Defaults to 1.
match: In some cases it may be possible to make multiple matches on a single
string. This specifies which match to return, where the first match is
match= 1. If a negative number is specified then a match is returned
counting from the last match. Hence match = -1 is the same as requesting
the last match. Defaults to 1.
 
If invoked using named parameters, Mediawiki will automatically remove any leading or
trailing whitespace from each string. In some circumstances this is desirable, in
other cases one may want to preserve the whitespace.
 
If the match_number or start_index are out of range for the string being queried, then
this function generates an error. An error is also generated if no match is found.
If one adds the parameter ignore_errors=true, then the error will be suppressed and
an empty string will be returned on any failure.
 
 
]]
-- This sub-routine is exported for use in other modules
function str._match( s, pattern, start, match_index, plain_flag, nomatch )
if s == '' then
return str._error( 'Target string is empty' )
end
if pattern == '' then
return str._error( 'Pattern string is empty' )
end
start = tonumber(start) or 1
if math.abs(start) < 1 or math.abs(start) > mw.ustring.len( s ) then
return str._error( 'Requested start is out of range' )
end
if match_index == 0 then
return str._error( 'Match index is out of range' )
end
if plain_flag then
pattern = str._escapePattern( pattern )
end
 
local result
if match_index == 1 then
-- Find first match is simple case
result = mw.ustring.match( s, pattern, start )
else
if start > 1 then
s = mw.ustring.sub( s, start )
end
 
local iterator = mw.ustring.gmatch(s, pattern)
if match_index > 0 then
-- Forward search
for w in iterator do
match_index = match_index - 1
if match_index == 0 then
result = w
break
end
end
else
-- Reverse search
local result_table = {}
local count = 1
for w in iterator do
result_table[count] = w
count = count + 1
end
 
result = result_table[ count + match_index ]
end
end
 
if result == nil then
if nomatch == nil then
return str._error( 'Match not found' )
else
return nomatch
end
else
return result
end
end
-- This is the entry point for #invoke:String|match
function str.match( frame )
local new_args = str._getParameters( frame.args, {'s', 'pattern', 'start', 'match', 'plain', 'nomatch'} );
local s = new_args['s'] or '';
local start = tonumber( new_args['start'] ) or 1;
local plain_flag = str._getBoolean( new_args['plain'] or false );
local pattern = new_args['pattern'] or '';
local match_index = math.floor( tonumber(new_args['match']) or 1 );
local nomatch = new_args['nomatch'];
 
return str._match( s, pattern, start, match_index, plain_flag, nomatch )
if s == '' then
return str._error( 'Target string is empty' );
end
if pattern == '' then
return str._error( 'Pattern string is empty' );
end
if math.abs(start) < 1 or math.abs(start) > mw.ustring.len( s ) then
return str._error( 'Requested start is out of range' );
end
if match_index == 0 then
return str._error( 'Match index is out of range' );
end
if plain_flag then
pattern = str._escapePattern( pattern );
end
local result
if match_index == 1 then
-- Find first match is simple case
result = mw.ustring.match( s, pattern, start )
else
if start > 1 then
s = mw.ustring.sub( s, start );
end
local iterator = mw.ustring.gmatch(s, pattern);
if match_index > 0 then
-- Forward search
for w in iterator do
match_index = match_index - 1;
if match_index == 0 then
result = w;
break;
end
end
else
-- Reverse search
local result_table = {};
local count = 1;
for w in iterator do
result_table[count] = w;
count = count + 1;
end
result = result_table[ count + match_index ];
end
end
if result == nil then
if nomatch == nil then
return str._error( 'Match not found' );
else
return nomatch;
end
else
return result;
end
end
 
 
If invoked using named parameters, Mediawiki will automatically remove any leading or
trailing whitespace from the target string. In some circumstances this is desirable, in
other cases one may want to preserve the whitespace.
 
The first character has an index value of 1.
 
If one requests a negative value, this function will select a character by counting backwards
from the end of the string. In other words pos = -1 is the same as asking for the last character.
 
]]
function str.pos( frame )
local new_args = str._getParameters( frame.args, {'target', 'pos'} );
local target_str = new_args['target'] or '';
local pos = tonumber( new_args['pos'] ) or 0;
 
if pos == 0 or math.abs(pos) > mw.ustring.len( target_str ) then
return str._error( 'String index out of range' );
end
 
return mw.ustring.sub( target_str, pos, pos );
end
 
--[[
str_find
 
This function duplicates the behavior of {{str_find}}, including all of its quirks.
This is provided in order to support existing templates, but is NOT RECOMMENDED for
new code and templates. New code is recommended to use the "find" function instead.
 
Returns the first index in "source" that is a match to "target". Indexing is 1-based,
and the function returns -1 if the "target" string is not present in "source".
 
Important Note: If the "target" string is empty / missing, this function returns a
value of "1", which is generally unexpected behavior, and must be accounted for
separatetly.
]]
function str.str_find( frame )
local new_args = str._getParameters( frame.args, {'source', 'target'} )
local source_str = new_args['source'] or ''
local target_str = new_args['target'] or ''
 
if target_str == '' then
return 1
end
 
local start = mw.ustring.find( source_str, target_str, 1, true )
if start == nil then
start = -1
end
 
return start
end
 
 
If invoked using named parameters, Mediawiki will automatically remove any leading or
trailing whitespace from the parameter. In some circumstances this is desirable, in
other cases one may want to preserve the whitespace.
 
This function returns the first index >= "start" where "target" can be found
within "source". Indices are 1-based. If "target" is not found, then this
function returns 0. If either "source" or "target" are missing / empty, this
function also returns 0.
]]
function str.find( frame )
local new_args = str._getParameters( frame.args, {'source', 'target', 'start', 'plain' } );
local source_str = new_args['source'] or '';
local pattern = new_args['target'] or '';
local start_pos = tonumber(new_args['start']) or 1;
local plain = new_args['plain'] or true;
if source_str == '' or pattern == '' then
return 0;
end
plain = str._getBoolean( plain );
 
if source_str == '' or pattern == '' then
local start = mw.ustring.find( source_str, pattern, start_pos, plain )
return 0
if start == nil then
end
start = 0
 
end
plain = str._getBoolean( plain )
 
return start
local start = mw.ustring.find( source_str, pattern, start_pos, plain )
if start == nil then
start = 0
end
 
return start
end
 
count: The number of occurences to replace, defaults to all.
plain: Boolean flag indicating that pattern should be understood as plain
text and not as a Lua style regular expression, defaults to true
]]
function str.replace( frame )
local new_args = str._getParameters( frame.args, {'source', 'pattern', 'replace', 'count', 'plain' } );
local source_str = new_args['source'] or '';
local pattern = new_args['pattern'] or '';
local replace = new_args['replace'] or '';
local count = tonumber( new_args['count'] );
local plain = new_args['plain'] or true;
 
if source_str == '' or pattern == '' then
return source_str;
end
plain = str._getBoolean( plain );
 
if plain then
pattern = str._escapePattern( pattern )
replace = mw.ustring.gsub( replace, "%%", "%%%%" ) --Only need to escape replacement sequences.
end
 
local result
if plain then
pattern = str._escapePattern( pattern );
replace = mw.ustring.gsub( replace, "%%", "%%%%" ); --Only need to escape replacement sequences.
end
local result;
 
if count ~= nil then
result = mw.ustring.gsub( source_str, pattern, replace, count );
else
result = mw.ustring.gsub( source_str, pattern, replace );
end
end
 
return result;
end
 
--[[
simple function to pipe string.rep to templates.
]]
 
function str.rep( frame )
local repetitions = tonumber( frame.args[2] )
if not repetitions then
return str._error( 'function rep expects a number as second parameter, received "' .. ( frame.args[2] or '' ) .. '"' )
end
return string.rep( frame.args[1] or '', repetitions )
end
 
--[[
escapePattern
 
This function escapes special characters from a Lua string pattern. See [1]
for details on how patterns work.
 
[1] https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Extension:Scribunto/Lua_reference_manual#Patterns
 
Usage:
{{#invoke:String|escapePattern|pattern_string}}
 
Parameters
pattern_string: The pattern string to escape.
]]
function str.escapePattern( frame )
local pattern_str = frame.args[1]
if not pattern_str then
return str._error( 'No pattern string specified' )
end
local result = str._escapePattern( pattern_str )
return result
end
 
--[[
count
This function counts the number of occurrences of one string in another.
]]
function str.count(frame)
local args = str._getParameters(frame.args, {'source', 'pattern', 'plain'})
local source = args.source or ''
local pattern = args.pattern or ''
local plain = str._getBoolean(args.plain or true)
if plain then
pattern = str._escapePattern(pattern)
end
local _, count = mw.ustring.gsub(source, pattern, '')
return count
end
 
--[[
endswith
This function determines whether a string ends with another string.
]]
function str.endswith(frame)
local args = str._getParameters(frame.args, {'source', 'pattern'})
local source = args.source or ''
local pattern = args.pattern or ''
if pattern == '' then
-- All strings end with the empty string.
return "yes"
end
if mw.ustring.sub(source, -mw.ustring.len(pattern), -1) == pattern then
return "yes"
else
return ""
end
end
 
--[[
join
 
Join all non empty arguments together; the first argument is the separator.
Usage:
{{#invoke:String|join|sep|one|two|three}}
]]
function str.join(frame)
local args = {}
local sep
for _, v in ipairs( frame.args ) do
if sep then
if v ~= '' then
table.insert(args, v)
end
else
sep = v
end
end
return table.concat( args, sep or '' )
end
 
]]
function str._getParameters( frame_args, arg_list )
local new_args = {};
local index = 1;
local value;
 
for i_, arg in ipairs( arg_list ) do
value = frame_args[arg]
if value == nil then
value = frame_args[index];
index = index + 1;
end
new_args[arg] = value;
end
 
return new_args;
end
 
--[[
]]
function str._error( error_str )
local frame = mw.getCurrentFrame();
local error_category = frame.args.error_category or 'Errors reported by Module String';
local ignore_errors = frame.args.ignore_errors or false;
local no_category = frame.args.no_category or false;
 
if str._getBoolean(ignore_errors) then
return '';
end
 
local error_str = '<strong class="error">Помилка модуля String: ' .. error_str .. '</strong>';
if error_category ~= '' and not str._getBoolean( no_category ) then
error_str = '[[Категорія:' .. error_category .. ']]' .. error_str;
end
end
 
return error_str;
end
 
]]
function str._getBoolean( boolean_str )
local boolean_value;
 
if type( boolean_str ) == 'string' then
boolean_str = boolean_str:lower();
if boolean_str == 'false' or boolean_str == 'no' or boolean_str == '0'
or boolean_str == '' then
boolean_value = false;
else
boolean_value = true;
end
end
elseif type( boolean_str ) == 'boolean' then
boolean_value = boolean_str;
else
error( 'No boolean value found' );
end
return boolean_value
end
 
--[[
Helper function that escapes all pattern characters so that they will be treated
as plain text.
]]
function str._escapePattern( pattern_str )
return mw.ustring.gsub( pattern_str, "([%(%)%.%%%+%-%*%?%[%^%$%]])", "%%%1" );
end